Flight Instrument Rating Guide
How to get instrument rated and incorporate a flight simulator in your training
Instrument Rating Flight Training Steps
Stage 1: Instrument Flying Skills - Expect to spend about 7 hours Flight Training + 7 hours of Ground.*
Phase 1: Developing Instrument Skills— In this phase you learn preflight preparation for IFR flight, instrument scan techniques, basic instrument flight maneuvers, using the magnetic compass and post flight procedures following an IFR flight.
Phase 2: Polishing Instrument Skills- Here you will polish your skills controlling the airplane by reference only to the flight instruments and learn to receive, copy and fly an IFR clearance. You will also learn to control the airplane simulating failure of the primary flight instruments and recover from an unusual flight attitude.
Stage 2: Using Navigation Equipment -Expect to spend about 13 hours Flight Training + 7 hours of Ground.*
Phase 3: GPS, NDB and VOR Navigation-This phase provides you the opportunity to develop skills and gain confidence using RNAV, GPS, NDB and VOR avionics systems for IFR navigation. In addition you will learn to apply these skills flying IFR departure procedures.
Phase 4: Holding Patterns and DME Arcs-This phase introduces holding patterns including their purpose and the requirements for entering, flying and making reports if you have received a holding clearance. You will also learn to fly DME arcs.
Stage 3: Flying Instrument Approaches - Expect to spend about 25 hours Flight Training + 7 hours of Ground.*
Phase 5: Precision and Nonprecision Instrument Approaches- During this phase you will fly both precision and nonprecision approach procedures while learning the visual references needed to make the decision to continue for landing. If the required references are not visible, you will follow the missed approach procedure.
Phase 6: Automation, ATC and Other Approaches -In this phase, you’ll polish your skill with precision and nonprecision approaches. You will also discover the value of using the autopilot for instrument approaches. In addition you’ll learn about using a circling maneuver to align with the landing runway.
Stage 4: Cross Country and Practical Test Preparation - Expect to spend about 10 hours Flight Training+ 5 hours of Ground.*
Phase 7: IFR Cross Country- Here you learn the steps involved in planning for and flying safe cross countries under Instrument Flight Rules. During a long cross country you will use three different types of IFR approach procedures.
Phase 8: Practical Test Preparation-In this phase you will polish all the instrument flying skills and knowledge you have learned to meet or exceed the Instrument Rating Practical Test Standards.
* Does not include the time you have to spend studying and preparing for your lesson. On average plan to spend 2 hours of study time at home per flight hour at minimum.
How many hours does it take to get your instrument rating?
Aeronautical Experience Required by the FAA, Part 61
Once I have my instrument rating, how often are proficiency checks required?
For Part 61, as long as you stay active flying in instrument conditions and meet the Instrument Currency requirements, you just need a Flight Review every two years. For currency and proficiency read our post on this subject.